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Martial arts which originally developed as arts of war by the samurai have evolved into forms of austere discipline aimed at spiritual improvement. Budo, or martial arts, can be characterized into two categories: koryū and gendai budō. Koryu refers to budo originating in Japan prior to the Meiji Restoration in 1888. Sumo, dating back approximately 1500 years, is a type of koryū. Gendai budō which literally means "modern martial way" refers to budo emerging after the Meiji Restoration such as judo. The purpose of gendai budō, unlike koryū is not warfare, but instead self improvement.
Japanese Martial Art - the way of the harmonious spirit
The modern martial art of Japanese archery
Training of one's body and spirit
Now more of a professional sport than martial art, sumo was originally practiced as a part of Shinto rituals for agricultural fertility in ancient times.