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Health and Sports day, or Sports Day, is a national holiday held on the second Monday in October. The holiday was established to commemorate the opening of the 1964 Summer Olympics held in Tokyo (October is a late time for the Summer Olympics, but this was done to avoid the
rainy season). The holiday exists to promote sports and a healthy, active lifestyle. Many schools and business in Japan use this day to hold annual Field Days or Sports Day events. This includes traditional events like track-and-field, to more unique events, such as the
Cavalry Battle (a game similar to
Chicken that involves 4 players per team instead of 2). There are also community events to celebrate Sports Day, including traditional events and unique events, such as an obstacle course/relay race. These events usually offer prizes for the winners and sometimes include traditional dancing. At the end of the day, the top teams are awarded prizes by the local officials after all the points are scored. The holiday was formed to honor the Olympics, and thus at these community events, sportsman-ship plays a large roll in the holiday.
Rajio Taiso are morning calisthenics routines done while music is playing, popular in Japan and other Asian countries.
Mountain day is Japan's newest holiday, intended for citizens to get familiar with mountains.
A happi is a traditional Japanese robe with the family crest or mon printed on the back.